Intrinsic Motivation


Walters, S.T., Clark, M.D., Gingerich, R., & Meltzer, M.L. (2007.) Motivating Offenders to Change: A Guide for Probation and Parole. National Institute of Corrections.

The history of Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) and its key principles are examined in this article. Of importance, Motivational Interviewing is discussed in detail, including the process of change and how Probation and Parole Officers can utilize Motivational Interviewing techniques to interrupt criminal thinking and encourage change. This is a practical guide for criminal justice professionals. 

Clark, M.D., Walters, S., Gingerich, R. & Meltzer, M. (2006). Motivational Interviewing for Probation Officers: Tipping the Balance Toward Change (70) 1.

Motivational Interviewing has been identified as a critical component of Evidence-Based Practice (EBP). In this article, the authors examine eight reasons/benefits for adding Motivational Interviewing to the Probation Officer’s tool kit. In particular, the authors look at how Motivational Interviewing encourages behavior change, aligns with EBP, addresses resistance, keeps interactions focused on change, results in engaged offenders, prepares the offender for change, facilitates a change in topics discussed and allows the Officer to impose sanctions and enforce probation directives without losing the motivational style.Throughout, the authors provide techniques Officers can employ when utilizing Motivational Interviewing.

National Institute of Corrections (September 4, 2009). Implementing Motivational Interviewing in Correctional Settings: An Interview with Dr. William Miller.

According to the National Institute of Corrections website, “This presentation is an extended interview with Dr. William Miller regarding the utilization of motivational interviewing (MI) in correctional settings. Topics discussed include: background of MI; MI in corrections; how MI works; the spirit of MI; implementing MI; MI applications; MI in assessment; brief and one-time MI; essentials of MI; MI roll-out; MI training; supervisor’s role; MI research; implications for policy makers; and implications for supervisors and MI coaches. The resources contained on the CD-ROM are transcripts of the video presentation and a copy of “Motivating Offenders to Change.” A hard copy of this interview is available to order through the National Institute of Corrections website.