Evidence-Based Practices & Outcome Tracking


Evidence-Based Practices & Outcome Tracking

This online library was created by the Crime and Justice Institute at Community Resources for Justice (CRJ) and made possible through a grant from the National Institute of Corrections and the Public Welfare Foundation.


California Probation Resource Institute (CaPRI)

California leads the nation in changing the culture and focus of the justice system.

Over the past decade, California Probation has led an evolution of change centered on rehabilitation, enacting evidence-based practices focused on each individual.



The National Reentry Resource Center. A Project of the Council of State Governments Justice Center.

This website provides answers to frequently asked questions regarding reentry in categories such as housing, employment, education, health, mental health, substance use disorders, and victims. The website also provides over 1,000 articles regarding reentry, reentry facts, and tips on starting a reentry initiative.


Risk Assessments

Bonta, James & Andres, D.A. (2007). Risk-Need-Responsivity Model for Offender Assessment and Rehabilitation. Public Safety Canada. (2007-06)

This article provides an in-depth discussion on how and why risk assessment tools have evolved over time and can provide interesting background for departments seeking to adopt a risk assessment tool. The authors present the risk-need-responsivity model, including how this vital behavioral theory should be utilized when assessing an offender’s level of risk.


Intrinsic Motivation

Walters, S.T., Clark, M.D., Gingerich, R., & Meltzer, M.L. (2007.) Motivating Offenders to Change: A Guide for Probation and Parole. National Institute of Corrections.

The history of Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) and its key principles are examined in this article. Of importance, Motivational Interviewing is discussed in detail, including the process of change and how Probation and Parole Officers can utilize Motivational Interviewing techniques to interrupt criminal thinking and encourage change. This is a practical guide for criminal justice professionals. 


Cost-Benefit Analysis

Evidence Based Adult Correction Programs: What Works and What Does Not (2006). Washington State Institute for Public Safety.

In 2006, the Washington State Institute for Public Policy reviewed Evidence Based Corrections Programs for Adults. This article provides estimates for changes in recidivism rates with use of specific programs as well as a brief summary of each. Included is information for programs for: drug involved offenders, offenders with mental illness and co-occurring disorders, general population, sex offenders, and domestic violence offenders.


Outcome and Data Tracking

Planning your programs with data and research in mind, tracking data in a way it can be analyzed, and reported for making decisions are key pieces of understanding your department.As departments are responsible for gathering and reporting more items locally, CPOC is developing resources to support these endeavors.